|Bibliography on the Psychology and Sociology of
Becoming or Remaining Vegetarian and/or Vegan
Note: Not surprisingly, there has been an upsurge on this topic
recently in the literature, and so this list is rather outdated and will be
overhauled soon. Please visit back.
Are you interested in contributing to the scholarship on this subject? If so, the list below can give you excellent leads
for your literature review.
If you know of good articles that should be added to this list, please e-mail the citation and any other pertinent
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In alphabetical order:
Allen, M. W., Wilson, M., Hung Ng, S. & Dunne, M. (2000). Values and beliefs of vegetarians and omnivores. The
Journal of Social Psychology, 140, 405-422.
Beardsworth, A., & Keil, T. (1992). The vegetarian option: Varieties, conversions, motives and careers. The
Sociological Review, 38, 252-293.
Calkins, A. (1979). Observations on vegetarian dietary practice and social factors: The need for further research.
Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 74, 353-355.
Cooper, C. K., Wise, T. N., & Mann, L. S. (1985). Psychological and cognitive characteristics of vegetarians.
Psychosomatics, 26, 521-527.
Dietz, T., Frisch, A. S., Kalof, L., Stern, P. C., & Guagnano, G. A. (1995). Values and vegetarianism: An exploratory
analysis. Rural Sociology, 60, 533-542.
Dwyer, J. T., Kandel, R. T., Mayer, L.D.V.H., & Mayer, J. (1973) The new vegetarians: Who are they? Journal of the
American Dietetic Association, 63, 503-509.
Dwyer, J. T., Kandel, R. F., Mayer, L. D. V. H., & Mayer, J. (1974). The "new" vegetarians. Journal of the American
Dietetic Association, 64, 376-382.
Dwyer, J. T., Mayer, L. D. V. H., Dowd, K., Kandel, R. F., & Mayer, J. (1974b). The new vegetarians: The natural
high? Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 65, 529-536.
Freeland-Graves, J. H., Greninger, S. A., & Young, R. K. (1986). A demographic and social profile of age-and
sex-matched vegetarians and nonvegetarians. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 86, 907-913.
Freeland-Graves, J. H., Greninger, S. A., & Young, R. K. (1986). Health practices, attitudes, and beliefs of
vegetarians and nonvegetarians. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 86, 913-918.
Friedman, S. (1975). On vegetarianism. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 23, 396-406.
Krizmanic, J. (1992, October). Here's who we are: A new survey reveals some surprises about America's 12 million
plus (and counting) vegetarians. Vegetarian Times, 72-80
Larsson, C. L., Rönnlund, U., Johansson, G., & Dahlgren, L. (2003). Veganism as status passage: The process of
becoming a vegan among youths in Sweden. Appetite, 41, 61-67.
Lester, D. (1979). Food fads and psychological health. Psychological Reports, 44, 222.
MacNair, R. M. (1998). The psychology of becoming a vegetarian. Vegetarian Nutrition: An International Journal, 2,
MacNair, R.M. (2001). Commentary: McDonald's "Empirical Look at Becoming Vegan." Society and Animals, 9, 63-69.
McDonald, B. (1999). Once you know something, you can't not know it: An empirical look at becoming vegan. Society
& Animals, 8, 1-23.
Povey, R., Wellen, B. & Conner, M. (2001). Attitudes towards following meat, vegetarian, and vegan diets: An
examination of the role of ambivalence. Appetite, 37, 15-26.
Rozin, P., Markwith, M., & Stoess, C. (1997). Moralization and becoming a vegetarian: The transformation of
preferences into values and the recruitment of disgust. Psychological Science, 8, 67-73
Sims, L. (1978). Food-related value-orientations of vegetarians and non-vegetarians. Ecology of Food and Nutrition,
Strobl, C. M., & Groll, L. (1981). Professional knowledge and attitudes on vegetarianism: Implications for practice.
Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 79, 568-573.
Swinder, J. & Trocchia, P. J. (2001). Vegetarianism: Toward a greater understanding. Psychology & Marketing, 18,
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